On December 24, 2021, the President of the People's Republic of China issued the Order of the President of the People's Republic of China (No. 103) according to the decision of the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee:
December 24, 2021, the thirteenth day of the People's Republic of China The 32nd meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress revised and passed the "Scientific and Technological Progress Law of the People's Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the "Scientific and Technological Progress Law").
Among them, Article 91 is clear:
“Technology of domestic natural persons, legal persons and unincorporated organizations For innovative products and services, government procurement should be purchased under the condition that the function, quality and other indicators can meet the needs of government procurement; if it is put on the market for the first time, government procurement should be the first to purchase, and should not be restricted on the grounds of commercial performance.
The products purchased by the government are yet to be researched and developed, through ordering implement. The purchaser shall give priority to using a competitive method to determine scientific and technological research and development institutions, institutions of higher learning or enterprises to carry out research and development, and purchase products according to the agreement after they have passed the research and development. ”
In addition, the Science and Technology Progress Act mentions scientific instruments There are five places:
The state encourages enterprises to strengthen original innovation, carry out technical cooperation and exchanges, Increase investment in research and development and technological innovation, independently establish research and development topics, and carry out technological innovation activities.
The state encourages enterprises to digest, absorb and re-innovate imported technologies .
Research on the development of new technologies, new products and new processes by enterprises Development costs can be listed and deducted before tax in accordance with relevant state regulations, and depreciation can be accelerated for enterprises' scientific and technological research and development instruments and equipment.
Major national strategic regions can rely on regional innovation platforms to build benefit sharing Promote the free flow of elements such as talents, technology, and capital, promote the open sharing of scientific instruments and equipment, scientific and technological infrastructure, scientific engineering, and scientific and technological information resources, and improve the efficiency of regional transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
According to the needs of scientific and technological Based on the principles of sharing, optimized configuration, comprehensive integration, government-led, and multi-party joint construction, coordinate the purchase of large-scale scientific instruments and equipment, and carry out joint evaluation of large-scale scientific instruments and equipment purchased mainly with fiscal funds.
- Chapter Ten · Article 102
The science and technology administrative department of the State Council shall, in conjunction with relevant competent departments of the State Council, establish Scientific and technological research bases, scientific instruments and equipment and other assets, scientific and technological literature, scientific and technological data, scientific and technological natural resources, science and technology popularization resources and other scientific and technological resources information systems and resource banks, and promptly announce the distribution and use of scientific and technological resources to the public Condition.
- Chapter Eleven · Article 110
Using fiscal funds and state-owned capital to purchase Those who fail to perform the obligation of sharing and using scientific and technological resources such as large-scale scientific instruments and equipment shall be ordered to make corrections by relevant competent departments, be given warnings or circulars of criticism, and the directly responsible managers and other directly responsible personnel shall be punished according to law.